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Re: [ox-en] role of science and universities

yOn 17 Oct 2003, Rich Walker wrote:

This implies that the '4 freedoms' of the FSF need to be expanded 
to '5 freedoms', subsuming the old 'academic freedom' :-)

A favour:

put your (suggested) text of the "5 freedoms" up on a page somewhere, so
we can google for it, and later find it in the WayBack Machine.

in other words - create the manifesto, even if you immediately wash your
hands of it

cheers, Rich.

easy-peasy (since this mail will become a web-page)

Generalizing the 'four freedoms' of the FSF
( to any kind of research - and 
development, if relevant - not just software:

Five Freedoms

* The freedom to study any problem (freedom -1)
* The freedom to use the results of this study for any purpose (freedom 0)
* The freedom to examine the raw materials and methods used in this study, 
and use them for your own needs (freedom 1). 
* The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor 
(freedom 2).
* The freedom to improve the results, and release your improvements to the 
public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3).

Freedom -1 is the old idea of 'academic freedom'; it is the prerequisite 
for all the other freedoms

Freedom 0 is necessary but dangerous. It may be restricted by law
(in the same way that 'innocent till proved guilty' is a good principle, 
so is freedom 0).

Implementing the remaining freedoms requires you to document your sources 
and to use a free license (if the material is covered by copyright) and to 
abstain from the use of patents.



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