Re: [ox-en] role of science and universities
- From: Graham Seaman <graham seul.org>
- Date: Sat, 18 Oct 2003 19:11:58 -0400 (EDT)
yOn 17 Oct 2003, Rich Walker wrote:
This implies that the '4 freedoms' of the FSF need to be expanded
to '5 freedoms', subsuming the old 'academic freedom' :-)
put your (suggested) text of the "5 freedoms" up on a page somewhere, so
we can google for it, and later find it in the WayBack Machine.
in other words - create the manifesto, even if you immediately wash your
hands of it
easy-peasy (since this mail will become a web-page)
Generalizing the 'four freedoms' of the FSF
(http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html) to any kind of research - and
development, if relevant - not just software:
* The freedom to study any problem (freedom -1)
* The freedom to use the results of this study for any purpose (freedom 0)
* The freedom to examine the raw materials and methods used in this study,
and use them for your own needs (freedom 1).
* The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor
* The freedom to improve the results, and release your improvements to the
public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3).
Freedom -1 is the old idea of 'academic freedom'; it is the prerequisite
for all the other freedoms
Freedom 0 is necessary but dangerous. It may be restricted by law
(in the same way that 'innocent till proved guilty' is a good principle,
so is freedom 0).
Implementing the remaining freedoms requires you to document your sources
and to use a free license (if the material is covered by copyright) and to
abstain from the use of patents.