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[ox-en] Incommunicado 05: information technology for everybody else (Amsterdam, June 15-17) [u]

Incommunicado 05: information technology for everybody else

(final program)

June 15: Opening Night
June 16-17: Working Conference
De Balie, Amsterdam

Organization: Institute of Network Cultures, Waag Society, Sarai.
Supported by: Hivos, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and IICD.

Information and registration:

Incommunicado 05: information technology for everybody else

Incommunicado 05 is a two-day working conference working towards  a critical survey of the current state of 'info-development', also known as the catchy acronym 'ICT4D' (ICT for development). Before the recent “flattening of the world” (Thomas Friedman, 2005), most computer networks and ICT expertise were located in the North, and info-development mostly involved rather technical matters of knowledge and technology transfer from North to South. While still widely (and even wildly) talked about, the assumption of a 'digital divide' that follows this familiar geography of development has turned out to be too simple. Instead, a more complex map of actors, networked in a global info-politics, is emerging.

Different actors continue to promote different -and competing- visions of 'info-development'.New info-economies like Brazil, China, and India have suddenly emerged and are forming south-south alliances that challenge our sense of what 'development' is all about. Development-oriented systems (like simputers and MIT’'s $100 computer system) emerge and re-emerge. The corporate sector suddenly discovers the “bottom of the pyramid” and community computing, in their drive for markets beyond those now increasingly stagnant in the OECD countries, and among the prosperous and professional in the rest of the world.

However tempting, these new developments and particularly the emerging alliances  should not be romanticized in terms of a new tri-continentalism. Brazil's info-geopolitical forays are anything but selfless. And while China's investments in Africa have already been compared to the 19th century scramble for Africa led by European colonial powers, many expect it to be soon exporting its 'Golden Shield' surveillance technologies to states such as Vietnam, North Korea, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, for all of whom it is acting  as a regional internet access provider.

However, the cohesion of the new south-south alliances originates in part from the shared resistance to an emergent Euro-American front on  intellectual property rights (IPR) and related matters. In parallel, and in eager response to the newfound enthusiasm for ICT4D through Public-Private Partnerships (fueled largely by the ongoing UN financial crisis and the broader neo-liberal privatization agenda), major info-corporations are advertising themselves as “partners in development” and are promoting ICTs as the vehicles for “good governance and effective service delivery” („e-governance“), but also to stake out their own commercial claims, crowd out public-sector alternatives, and subvert south-south cooperation.

Ambitious info-development projects struggle to find a role for themselves either as basic infrastructures supportive of all other development activity or as complement to  older forms of infrastructure and service -oriented development. And often they are expected to meet a host of often contradictory aims: alleviating info-poverty, catapulting peasants into the information age, promoting local ICT and knowledge based industries, or facilitating democratization through increased participation and local empowerment. Meanwhile, of course, info-development also facilitates transnational corporate efforts to offshore IT-related jobs and services in ever-shorter cycles of transposition, leaving local 'stakeholders' at a loss as to whether or not scarce public subsidies should even be used to attract and retain industries likely to move on anyway.

Info-development creates new conflicts, putting communities in competition with each other. But it also creates new alliances. Below the traditional thresholds of sovereignty, grassroots efforts are calling into question the entire IPR regime of and access restrictions on which commercial info-development is based. Commons- or open-source-oriented organizations across the world seem more likely to receive support from southern than from northern states, and these coalitions, too, are challenging northern states on their self-serving commitment to IPR and their dominance of key info-political organizations. Meanwhile lesser-known members of the UN family, such as the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), are beginning to feel the heat brought on by “no-logo”-style campaigns that are targeting the entire range of public international actors and bring an agenda of accountability to the institutions of multilateral governance. As a response to the increasingly contradictory (dare one say confused) info-political activities of the major agencies like the ITU, UNDP, UNESCO, and WIPO, even the UN  has begun to lose its aura. As public tagging of a perceived positive UN role in governance, humanitarianism, and peacekeeping shifts towards corruption and inter-agency rivalries, (carefully guided by neo-conservative think-tanks), the ensemble of supra-state apparatuses supposed to sustain visions of a post-imperial order suddenly seems mired in a frightening family dispute that threatens to spin out of control.

In spite of the neat sociological grammar of declarations and manifestoes, increasingly hybrid actors no longer follow the simple schema of state, market, or civil society, but engage in cross-sector alliances. Responding to the crisis of older top-down approaches to development, corporations and aid donors are increasingly bypassing states and international agencies to work directly with smaller non-governmental organizations. And while national and international development agencies now have to defend their activity against both pro- and anti-neo-liberal critics, info-NGOs participating in public-private partnerships and info-capitalist ventures suddenly find themselves in the midst of another heated controversy over their new role as junior partner of states and corporations. Responding by stepping up their own brand-protection and engaging in professional reputation management, major NGOs even conclude that it is no longer their organizational culture but their agenda alone that differentiates them from corporate actors.

The spectacular world summit on the information society (WSIS), barely noticed by the mainstream media but already uniting cyber-libertarians afraid of UN interventions in key questions of internet governance, will conclude later this year. While many info-activists are assessing (and re-assessing) the hidden cost of invitations to sit at 'multi-stakeholder' tables along with mega-NGOs and corporate associations, others are already refusing to allow an organizational incorporation of grassroots or subaltern agendas into the managed consensus being built around the dynamic of an 'international civil (information) society'. Mirroring the withdrawal from traditional mechanisms of political participation, there is growing disaffection with multilateralism as the necessary default perspective for any counter-imperial politics. Unwilling to accept the idioms of sovereignty, some even abandon the very logic of summits and counter-summits to articulate post-sovereign perspectives.

 And alongside this of course, is the day to day reality of those at the grassroots and most importantly working as policy, research and practice info-intermediaries to find ways of using (and remaking) ICTs to be of benefit to the “multitudes”.order profitability) have used ICTs to transform the global networks of commercial production and supply. The challenge for ICT4D is not to ensure that everyone in the world has 24/7 access to .xxx and “Texas hold’em” but that the opportunities that the Walmarts have so successfully and creatively seized are similarly the basis for a transformation towards creative and open access opportunities for transforming the life chances and lived realities of everybody else.


The 'incommunicado' project started early 2004 as a web research resource combined with an email-based mailinglist. It was founded by Soenke Zehle and Geert Lovink, who had earlier collaborated during the European Make World and Neuro events, that attempted to develop critical work around new media and no border issues.

Incommunicado didn't start out of the blue. It was a merger from two lists, Solaris, founded late 2001 by Geert Lovink and Michael Gurstein, and a defunct G8 Dotforce list. The Solaris email list was an early attempt to develop a critical discourse around the ICT4D policy complex and was inspired by the then-newly opened centre Sarai in Delhi, a place that embodies new cultural practices beyond the classic development models. Beginning in late 2003, the first World Summit on the Information Society accelerated the awareness that critical voices, inside and outside the Machine, had to gather in order to reflect on the circulating metaphors and rhetoric. Poor outcomes of the alternative 'WSIS, We Seize' campaign, which positioned itself outside of the world conference spectacle, proved that there is a great need for a radical critique of notions such as 'information society', 'e-governance', 'digital divide' or 'civil society'.

At the moment there are 300+ subscribers to the list, and at any given moment in time 50-70 users are either reading the incommunicado rss-news or searching the collaborative weblog, whose topic areas include network(ed) ecologies, ICT for Development, internet governance, analyses of the NGO sector, and emerging South-South relations. So far, incommunicado has been an exclusively online resource and list community, consisting of researchers, ICT practitioners, activists and social entrepreneurs. The event in Amsterdam in June 2005 will be the first meeting of this emerging network. Future plans include the launch of an open-access journal or an incommunicado reader.

On Being Incommunicado

The term incommunicado generally refers to a state of being without the means or rights to communicate, especially in the case of incommunicado detention and the threat of massive human rights violations. The latter also implies an extra-judicial space of exception, where torture, executions and "disappearances" occur - all-too-frequently in the lives of journalists and media activists, online or offline, across the world.

After the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the bilateral order, the discourse of human rights has become an important placeholder for agendas of social change and transformation that are no longer articulated in third worldist or tricontinentalist terms. Yet despite the universalizing implications of human rights, they can also invoke and retrieve the complex legacy of specific anti-colonial and third-worldist perspectives that continue to inform contemporary visions of a different information and communication order.

The term 'incommunicado' was chosen as the name for this research network to acknowledge that while questions related to info-development and info-politics are often explored in a broader human rights context, this does not imply embracing a politics of rights as such. Instead, one of the aims of the incommunicado project is to explore tactical mobilizations of rights-based claims to access, communication, or information, but also the limits of any politics of rights, its concepts, and its absolutization as a political perspective.


Final program:

::Wednesday, June 15::

Opening Night
20.00-22.30 Main Hall

Situating the workshop agenda in the broader context of the UN Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) as well as the controversy over an emerging international civil society, the public event on Wednesday night will introduce the topics of the work conference to a broader non-specialist audience. Offering a working definition of info-development/ICT4D, the public event will raise some of the key conference issues, including the extent to which this field is indeed characterized by a shift from North-South to South-South alliances and the role played by info-development NGOs.

Chair: Tracey Naughton (Chair WSIS Media Caucus, South Africa)

With contributions by:
Soenke Zehle and Geert Lovink, introduction to the Incommunicado project
Nnenna Nwakanma (Africa Civil Society for the Information Society, Nigeria) : The mirage of South-South cooperation in ICT4D Jeebesh Bagchi (Sarai New Media Initiative, India): Forgetting Development: Cybermohalla Practices and Information Networks Bernardo Sorj (University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil): Internet in the Slums Anthony Mwaniki (One World, Kenya): Mobile Technology - A Tool For Development? Partha Pratim Sarkar (Bytesforall, Bangladesh): ICTs at the grassroots and intermediaries: who empowers whom?
Anriette Esterhuysen (APC, South Africa)

::Thursday, June 16::

Plenary Lecture 1: Introduction and Overview
10.00-11.00 Main Hall

ICT4D is widely considered a key element in processes of democratization, good governance, and poverty alleviation. This plenary will situate the rise of ICT4D in the context of the transformation of development as a whole, and outline individual workshop agendas.

Chair: Geert Lovink (INC, NL)

With contributions by:
Roberto Verzola (sustainable agriculture campaigner, Manilla): The emerging information economy. Respondant: Heimo Claassen (researcher, Brussels) Monica Narula (Sarai New Media Initiative, Delhi): The Delhi decleration, a new context for new media

Workshop A1: NGOs in Info-Development
11.30-13.00 Main Hall

We have become used to thinking of NGOs as 'natural' development actors. But their presence is itself indicative of a fundamental transformation of an originally state-centered development regime, and their growing influence raises difficult issues regarding their relationship to state and corporate actors, but also regarding their self-perception as representatives of civic and grassroots interests. Following a survey of some of the major info-development NGOs and networks, this workshop will address questions related to the politics of representation pursued by these actors: why should they sit at a table with governments and international agencies, and who is marginalized by such a (multistakeholder) dynamic of 'inclusion' dominated by NGOs?

Chair: Anriette Esterhuysen (APC, South Africa)

With contributions by:
Loe Schout (HIVOS, NL): Internet connects world citizens, but does it breed new ones, too?
Maartje OpdeCoul (One World, NL): Evaluating ICT4D projects
Michael Gurstein (New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA): Civil Society or Communities: The Contradiction at the Core of the Information Society
Maja van der Velden (University of Bergen, Norway): Cognitive Justice
Partha Pratim Sarkar (Bytes4all, Bangladesh)
Toni Eliasz (Ungana-Afrika, South Africa): What CSOs bring to ICT Policy Processes

Workshop A2: After WSIS: Exploring Multistakeholderism
11.30-13.00 Salon

For some, the 2003-5 UN World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) is just another moment in an ongoing series of inter-governmental jamborees, glamorizing disciplinary visions of global ICT governance. For others, WSIS revives 'tricontinentalist' hopes for a New International Information and Communication Order whose emphasis on 'civil society actors' may even signal the transformation of a system of inter-governmental organizations. Either way, WSIS continues to encourage the articulation of agendas, positions, and stakes in a new politics of communication and information. Following the effort to actively involve civil society actors in WSIS activities, the idea of an emergent 'multistakeholderism' is already considered one of the key WSIS outcomes. This workshop will take a critical look at different approaches to the idea of multistakeholderism.

Chair: Neeltje Blommestein (IICD, NL)

With contributions by:
Lisa McLaughlin (Mass Communication and Women's Studies, Miami University-Ohio, USA): Introduction: Issues in Multi-stakeholderism. Ralf Bendrath (University of Bremen, Germany): Experiments in Multi-Stakeholderism—Lessons learned from WSIS. Beatriz Busaniche (Fundacion Via Libre, Argentina): WSIS and Multistakeholderism: Could we call them "best practices"? Ljupco Gjorgjinski (Center for Dialogue and Democracy, Macedonia): multistakeholder partnerships–cybernetic Governance for the information society Stijn van der Krogt (IICD, NL): The Polder model applied to ICT4D in the South-- lessons learned from IICD's multi-stakeholder processes
Sally Burch (ALAI, Equador)
Paul Maassen (HIVOS, NL): Civil society as a stakeholder: the dilemma of constituency Ned Rossiter (University of Ulster, UK): Post-Representation & the Architecture of Net Politics Nnenna Nwakanma (Africa Civil Society for the Information Society, Nigeria): Partnerships and Networks: the African Civil Society Perspective

Workshop A3: Open Source, Open Borders
11.30-13.00 Cinema

Chair: Jo van der Spek (radio maker, NL)

Some of the organizations active in the WSIS process lost their accreditation because participants used their visa to say goodbye to Africa. Widely reported, the anecdote suggests that media and migration form a nexus that is nevertheless rarely explored in the context of ICT4D. In this session, we will survey some of the work on migrant and refugee media. It will also introduce the agenda of the wireless bridge project, a sister event of the incommunicado work conference that will take place in Tarifa (Spain) later in June.

Florian Schneider (, Germany)
Roy Pullens (researcher, NL): IOM and border control as info development
Nnenna Nwakanma (Africa Civil Society for the Information Society, Nigeria): An Anecdote of a would-be illegal immigrant.

14.00-16.00 Open Sessions

Main Hall:

14.00-15.00 Solomon Benjamin (urban researcher, CASUM-m, Bangalore
India): case study on ICT and real estate in Bangalore (including video documentary, produced for Incommunicado 05)

15.00-15.30 Francois Laureys (IICD) in conversation with Sylvestre Ouedraogo (Burkina Faso)

15.30-16.00 Sally Burch (ALAI, Ecuador): Social movements, communication and ICTs

Salon: E-Waste

E-Waste: Special session on electronic waste, organized by Waste, advisors on urban development and development. In this session, a highly diverse group of people from the development, ICT, recycling, finance, insurance, and waste management worlds consider strategies and approaches in relation to preventing, reusing or recycling WEEE, or waste from electronic and electrical equipment in the Netherlands. The impulse behind the session comes from a twinning project between Stichting WASTE, in the Netherlands, and the NGO ACEPESA, in Costa Rica. The goal of the session is to arrive at ideas for interventions in both the Netherlands and Costa Rica.

Session organisers: Anne Scheinberg, Kiwako Mogi, Stichting WASTE, Gouda ( Session chair: Jeroen IJgosse, WASTE. Confirmed Discussants: Portia Sinnott, Micro Services Plus, California, Joost Helberg, Vereniging Open Source Netherlands, Stephan Wildeboer,OS-OSS, Angela Jonker, Flection Netherlands, dhr Herben, Province of Limburg, Netherland


14.00-14.20 Kim van Haaster (INC researcher, NL), The University of the Future: Software Development in Revolutionary Cuba.

14.20-14.40 T. B. Dinesh (, India): Observations on the impact of IT on Society, in Bangalore.

14.40-15.00 Toni Eliasz (Ungana-Afrika, South Africa): on lacking ICT capacity among small development organizations and networks

15.00-15.20 Enrique Chaparro (Fundacion Via Libre, Argentina ): on the hidden prices for ICT4 aid.

15.20-15.40 Oliver Vodeb and Jerneja Rebernak, art & ICT4D, a presentation of the Memefest 2005 competition.

15.40-16.00 Jo van der Spek and others: info solidarity with Iraq (

Plenary Session 2: After Aid: Info-Development after 9/11
16.30-18.00 Main hall

What is the status of aid in the promotion of ICT4D, and how have ICT4D actors responded to the politicization and securitization of aid, including the sale of security and surveillance technologies in the name of info-development? To what extent does info-development overlap with new info-infrastructures in the field of humanitarian aid (ICT4Peace)? Are global trade justice campaigns a response to classic development schemes?

Chair: Ravi Sundaram (Sarai, India)

With contributions by:
Enrique Chaparro (Fundacion Via Libre, Argentina),
Glen Tarman (Trade Justice Campaign, UK): Join the band: ICTs, popular mobilization and the global call to make poverty history
Steve Cisler (librarian, USA): Outside the Church of ICT
Shuddha Sengupta (Sarai, India): Knowing in your Bones: Politics, Anxiety and Information in Delhi, 2005

20.30: Screening, part 1, co-curated by De Balie

::Friday, June 17::

Plenary 3: ICT4D and the Critique of Development
10.00-12.00 Main Hall

The critique of development and its institutional arrangements - of its conceptual apparatus as well as the economic and social policies implemented in its name - has always been both a theoretical project and the agenda of a multitude of 'subaltern' social movements. Yet much work in ICT4D shows little awareness of or interest in the history of such development critique. Quite the contrary, the ICT4D debate, whose terms are reproduced in the members-only loop of a few major NGO networks like APC, OneWorld, or PANOS, along with a small number of states and influential donor organizations, remains surprisingly inward-looking, unable or unwilling to actively challenge the hegemony of an ahistorical techno-determinism.

Even many activists believe that ICT will lead to progress and eventually contribute to poverty reduction. Have development skepticism and the multiplicity of alternative visions it created simply been forgotten? Or have they been actively muted to disconnect current struggles in the area of communication and information from this history, adding legitimacy to new strategies of 'pre-emptive' development that are based on an ever-closer alliance between the politics of aid, development, and security? Are analyses based on the assumption that the internet and its promise of connectivity are 'inherently good' already transcending existing power analyses of global media and communication structures? How can we reflect on the booming ICT-for-Development industry beyond best practice suggestions?

Chair: Kees Biekart (ISS, NL)

Contributions by:
Ravi Sundaram (Sarai New Media Initiative, India): Post-Development and Technological Dreams: An Indian Tale Solomon Benjamin (urban researcher, CASUM-m, Bangalore India): E-Politics of the New Civil Society Jan Nederveen Pieterse (University of Illinios, USA): Digital capitalism and development Tracey Naughton (Chair WSIS Media Caucus, South Africa): Putting Lipstick on Pigs

Workshop C1: ICT corporations at the UN
13.00-15.00 Main hall

The controversial agreement between Microsoft and the UNDP, issued at a time when open source software is emerging as serious non-proprietary alternative within ICT4D, is generally considered in terms of a public-private partnership, to be assessed on its own terms. But it should also be considered in the broader context of rising corporate influence in the UN system, from the almost-no-strings-attached Global Compact, widely criticized as multilateral collusion in corporate 'bluewashing', to the Cardoso Panel on UN-Civil Society Relations and its controversial definition of civil society.

Chair: Soenke Zehle (Incommunicado, Germany)

With contributions by:
Lisa McLaughlin (University of Illinois, USA): Cisco Systems, the United Nations, and the Corporatization of Development Michael Gurstein (New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA): Critiquing Apple Pie: What We Can Say and Not Say About the UN These Days Manuel Acevedo (consultant, Spain): ICT4D partnerships at face value: experiences from the multilateral trenches Steve Cisler (librarian, USA): PPPP: problems of public-private partnerships

Workshop C2: FLOSS in ICT4D
13.00-15.00 Salon

Pushed by a growing transnational coalition of NGOs and a few allies inside the multilateral system, open source software has moved from margin to center in ICT4D visions of peer-to-peer networks and open knowledge initiatives. But while OSS and its apparent promise of an alternative non-proprietary concept of collaborative creation continues to have much counter-cultural cachet, its idiom can easily be used to support the 'liberalization' of telco markets and cuts in educational subsidies. What is the current status of OSS as idiom and infrastructural alternative within ICT4D?

Chair: Paul Keller (Waag Society, NL)

With contributions by:
Dorkas Muthoni (Linux Chicks Africa, Kenya): Chix Presence: A strategic partner in increasing the efficiency of FOSS for the benefit of society Felipe Fonseca (MetaReciclagem, Brazil): MetaReciclagem: technology re-appropriation and collective innovation"
Ednah Karamagi (Brosdi, Uganda)
Bill Kagai (FOSSFA, Kenya)
Nnenna Nwakanma (Africa Civil Society for the Information Society, Nigeria) Enrique Chaparro (Fundacion Via Libre, Argentina ): ICT are not (just) tools Seppo Koskela (Applied Linux Institute, Helsinki): Free Software, ICT4D and Finland - the Short Story.
Sylvestre Ouéadraogo (executive President of Yam Pukri Burkina Faso)
Alexandre Freire (Digital Cultures/Ministry of Culture, Brazil)

Workshop C3:  Culture and Corporate Sponsorship in the ICT4D Context
13.00-15.00 Cinema

Introduction: Solomon Benjamin (Bangalore)
Open informal discussion.

What is the aim of Western cultural organizations in the context of ICT4D projects? Think of the hip design event Doors of Perception in Bangalore and Delhi, our own Waag-Sarai Platform, Beijing and its new media arts inside the Millennium Dome, or the German media festival in Chiang Mai (Thailand). What is the agenda of these organizations? Is the ‘electronic art’ they are exporting merely paving the way for the big software and telecom firms to move in, or should we reject such a mechanic, one-dimensional view?

Workshop D1: New Info-Politics of Rights
15.30-17.00 Main Hall

Recent framings of ICT as an object of civil society politics have resulted in the coupling of ICT with the notion of “rights”: issues of the spread, use and adaptation of these technologies are increasingly defined in terms of human, civil, communication and information rights, et cetera. This session questions the choice, perhaps the tactical optionality, of making ICT-related issues into matters of rights. The rights-frame formats ICT for particular modes of the institutional processing of issues. At the same time, ICT and the discourses knitted around this object themselves can be seen to spread the rights frame. Considering that counter-cultural engagements with new media were previously framed as tactical undertakings, the question is whether the rise of “rights” does not thwart the potential of a creative, aesthetic, affective politics of the tactical. Or is the case that networks have a better use for rights than institutions? This is the context in which we ask: what are rights for, how are they used by NGOs, when does the coupling of ICT with rights work, and when does it fail?

Chair: Richard Rogers (GovCom/University of Amsterdam, NL)

With contributions by:
Soenke Zehle (Incommunicado, Germany): Politics of Info-Rights meets Tactical Media
Jodi Dean (HWS Colleges, USA)
Noortje Marres (University of Amsterdam, NL): Why is this happening to ICT? Info-rights as a special case of issue hybridisation
Magela Sigillito (Third World Institute, Montevideo, Uruguay)
Thomas Keenan (Bard College Human Rights Program, USA): On some dilemmas in claiming rights: persistence, elasticity, instrumentality Ned Rossiter (University of Ulster, UK): organised networks and the situation of rights

Workshop D2: Digital Bandung: New Axes of Info-Capitalism
15.30-17.00 Salon

We are witnessing a shift from in the techno-cultural development of the web from an essentially post-industrialist euro-american affair to a more complexly mapped post-third-worldist network, where new south-south alliances are already upsetting our commonsensical definitions of info-development as an exclusively north-south affair. One example of this is the surprising extent to which a 'multilateral' version of internet governance has been able to muster support, another is the software and intellectual property rights reform (WIPO Development Agenda). info-development, that is, has ceased to be a matter of technology transfer and has become a major terrain for the renegotiation of some of the fault lines of geopolitical conflict - with a new set of actors. But does this really affect the established dependencies on 'northern' donors, and if so, what are some of the new alliances that are emerging? What is this new ‘post-Bandung’ movement?

Chair: Ravi Sundaram (Sarai, India)
Open informal discussion

Workshop D3:  Nuts and Bolts of Internet Governance
15.30-17.00 Cinema

One of the few areas where WSIS is likely to produce concrete results is internet governance (IG). The IG controversy revolves around the limits of the current regime of root server control (ICANN/US) and possible alternatives, but it is also significant because it signals the repoliticization of a key domain of a technocratic internet culture that long considered itself to be above the fray of ordinary info-politics. The sense that IG has info-political implications and should be subject to discussion beyond expert fora is, however, much more widespread that actual knowledge of the techno-cultural dynamic actually involved in governing the internet. This workshop with be a nuts-and-bolts session for non-techies.

Chair: Reinder Rustema (Internet Society, NL)

With contributions by:
Enrique Chaparro (Fundacion Via Libre, Argentina)
Danny Butt (Independent Consultant; Researcher, New Zealand): Cultures of Internet Governance: From global coordination to trans-cultural dialogue"

Plenary 4: Closing Session
17.30 – 18.30  Main hall

Moderated by Soenke Zehle and Geert Lovink
Plus: WSIS Awards, Dutch nominations, announced by Jak Bouman

Video Session
Rethinking 'underdevelopment or revolution' through ICTs.
Live videoconference with San Francisco, coordinated by Sasha Constanze Chock

18:30-19:00   Cinema

This session is focused on appropriation of ICTs by social movements that don't fit into the public private development industry framework. Rather than consider the success or failure of strategies to patch ICTs into a 'development' framework that means binding peripheral locations and populations more tightly to service of the metropole, we'll discuss ICTs and revolutionary activity in Brazil, Korea, Bolivia, and elsewhere. With remote participation from, amongst others, Dongwon Jo from MediACT in Seoul, Dorothy Kidd from University of San Francisco, Pablo Ortellado/Indymedia Brazil and members from ERBOL and CMI Bolivia.

20.30: Screening, part 2, co-curated by De Balie

Contact: projekt

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